Michał Słupski



Risk of de­vel­op­ing men­tal dis­or­ders later in life po­ten­tially higher in chil­dren of low-in­come fam­il­ies
  • Researchers studied data from ~1 million Danish children born 1980 - 2000, with family income measured when they were 5, 10 and 15.
  • Mental health was monitored from the age of 15 until a mental disorder diagnosis, or until 2016.
  • 25.2% of children born in lowest income families developed clinically diagnosed mental disorders, compared to 13.5% of those born into highest incomes.
  • The longer children lived in low-income families, the greater their risk of mental disorders later on.
  • Study authors suggest that prevention of such disorders should start in childhood, and low-income families should get support.

What’s the secret ingredient that makes a happy couple or family?
  • Meta-analysis of 175 studies shows that having an open and flexible mind might be the key to better, stronger relationships.
  • Positive relationship characteristics were linked with people being open to experiences good and bad, and dealing with emotions in a healthy way.
  • Relationships are worse when people avoid their feelings, get stuck in them, lose track of long-term goals and deep priorities, and get easily derailed by setbacks.

A growth mindset of interest can spark innovative thinking
  • Researchers find that having a growth mindset of interest leads to better ideas, which might increase people’s chances in the increasingly difficult job market.
  • This mindset is based on believing that interests can change and be developed, as opposed to a fixed interest mindset that is based on the idea of a “calling”.
  • The problems in the world are increasingly complex and require interdisciplinary expertise to solve.
  • Cultivating a growth interest mindset can help people acquire broad expertise and lead to better jobs and greater career success.

Gut microbiome link to deadly lung disease
  • Researchers find that the gut may be helpful in diagnosing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and it may be a target for treating the disease.
  • The lung microbiome is a contributing factor in COPD, and it turns out that the gut microbiome is also connected to the development of the disease.
  • Comparing stool samples from COPD patients and healthy people, study authors found major differences.
  • This means that stool samples could be used to diagnose COPD, and that treating the gut microbiome could help treat lung disease.
  • More than 3 million people die because of COPD every year.

Age is no barrier to successful weight loss, new study finds
  • Researchers studied 242 patients (under 60 and over 60 years old) who attended a weight-loss programme, most of them morbidly obese.
  • Results show no differences between age groups, proving that weight loss is as important for older people - even more so - as for younger people.
  • The programme was based on lifestyle-based changes - diet, physical activity and psychological support - and showed similar results regardless of age.
  • People often don’t care about weight loss in older people, and this study shows that it’s a very harmful perspective to adopt.



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