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'Invisible killer': fossil fuels caused 8.7m deaths globally in 2018, research finds

theguardian.com
  • Pollution from burning fossil fuels killed 1 in 5 of all the people that died in 2018.
  • By region, in the US and Europe it was 1 in 10 people, in eastern Asia 1 in 3, and it was the lowest in Africa and Southern America.
  • These numbers are larger than the death toll of smoking tobacco and malaria combined.
  • Air pollution is an invisible killer, but study authors were still shocked at how big this problem is.
  • Experts see this is a call to urgency, and suggest that the process of going carbon-neutral should be sped up.

Big name corporations more likely to commit fraud

news.wsu.edu
  • Researchers analyzed 250 US public corporations involved in securities fraud between 2005-2013, and compared them to a uninvolved sample.
  • The analysis showed that prestigious, big name companies are more likely to commit financial fraud, manipulate number and markets, lie to investors and the SEC.
  • Companies with Fortune 500 status were 4 times more likely to be involved in fraud compared to the no-fraud sample.
  • [Personal note - it’s good that scientists are uncovering basic facts that every 1st-grader knows, heh heh]

The public’s perception of the harms of magic mushrooms is in line with science — but not with the law

psypost.org
  • Psilocybin, found in magic mushrooms, is considered by people to be less dangerous than alcohol, tobacco, and other substances.
  • However, the group was recruited among followers of drug-use related websites and social media pages, so it’s not representative of all people.
  • Those who have used magic mushrooms reported it to be the least dangerous substance compared to prescription painkillers, tobacco, alcohol, cocaine and more.
  • But the laws show a completely different picture, with psilocybin generally classified as a harmful drug.
  • New studies show therapeutic benefits, and decriminalization slowly spreads to different countries, lawmakers should realize that psilocybin can be beneficial.

Universal basic income doesn’t impact worker productivity

academictimes.com
  • Behavioral economics study of 900 people, 98% college students and 59% female.
  • Participants were given tasks to do for money, and then were introduced into different scenarios with universal basic income, and automation taking away some tasks.
  • Having Spanish college students in the study is a great indicator of real-life applicability, because almost half of Spaniards under 25 are unemployed.
  • There’s very little research into how universal basic income and automation will affect the workforce, and this is just one of many necessary studies into this topic.

Can sharing a ride make for less traffic? Evidence from Uber and Lyft and implications for cities

sciencedirect.com
  • Study shows that Uber and Lyft drivers ramped up a lot of dead-head (no-passenger) miles between 2014 and 2020.
  • Because of this, they contributed to a large increase in vehicle miles travelled (VMT) - it was at least doubled compared to past data in several major US cities.
  • These results can be used to inform policy-makers about prioritizing shared modes of public transportation, as well as walking and biking.

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Categories

  • Science Science (91) Yale scientists repair injured spinal cords using patients’ own stem cells
  • Psychology Psychology (108) Scientists break through the wall of sleep to the untapped world of dreams
  • Cosmos Cosmos (42) Scientists Discover The Oldest Supermassive Black Hole, and It’s Too Big
  • History History (19) ‘Viking’ was a job description, not a matter of heredity, massive ancient DNA study shows
  • Society Society (98) 'Invisible killer': fossil fuels caused 8.7m deaths globally in 2018, research finds
  • Medicine Medicine (94) Hair today, gone tomorrow no more: Japan researchers find stem cells for hair regeneration
  • Technology Technology (115) Scientists begin building highly accurate digital twin of our planet
  • Nature Nature (60) Training methods based on punishment compromise dog welfare